The Plastic Surgery Foundation
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Grants We Funded

Grant applicants for the 2023 cycle requested a total of nearly $4 million dollars. The PSF Study Section Subcommittees of Basic & Translational Research and Clinical Research evaluated nearly 140 grant applications on the following topics:

The PSF awarded research grants totaling over $1 million dollars to support nearly 30 plastic surgery research proposals.

ASPS/PSF leadership is committed to continuing to provide high levels of investigator-initiated research support to ensure that plastic surgeons have the needed research resources to be pioneers and innovators in advancing the practice of medicine.

Research Abstracts

Search The PSF database to have easy access to full-text grant abstracts from past PSF-funded research projects 2003 to present. All abstracts are the work of the Principal Investigators and were retrieved from their PSF grant applications. Several different filters may be applied to locate abstracts specific to a particular focus area or PSF funding mechanism.

Development of the FACE-Q Kids PRO Instrument

Principal Investigator
Anne Klassen PhD


McMaster University, Faculty of Health Sciences

Funding Mechanism
National Endowment for Plastic Surgery Grant

Focus Area
Cranio / Maxillofacial / Head and Neck, Economics/Quality/Outcomes

Patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments are rating scales that measure concepts of interest (COI) to patients such as symptoms, appearance and health-related quality-of-life (QOL) by asking patients directly (without interpretation by a physician or anyone else). In order to measure COI important to pediatric patients with conditions that are associated with a visible facial difference, well-defined, valid, reliable and responsive PRO instruments are needed. The aim of this study is to develop a new PRO instrument called FACE-Q KIDS. This new PRO instrument will be for patients aged 8 to 22 years with conditions that have an associated visible facial difference, e.g., facial paralysis, craniosynostosis, congenital naevi, vascular malformations, burns, acne, eczema, birthmarks, ear deformities. FACE-Q KIDS will be designed to account for the distinct health domains of importance to patients (e.g., appearance, function, psychosocial wellbeing), identified through detailed qualitative research, and will do this in a way to capture important age- and condition-related differences. To develop the FACE-Q KIDS, we will conduct qualitative interviews with a heterogeneous sample of 60 patients. Interviews will be audio-recorded, transcribed and coded using a line-by-line approach. Analysis will help to identify the most important COI, which we will use to form a hypothesized conceptual framework. We will then use the framework to guide the development of a set of scales. Each scale will be populated with a set of items that map out a clinical hierarchy for each COI. We anticipate that some scales will measure COI that are common to all patients (quality life impact of a visible facial difference), and other scales will measure COI that are specific to a subgroup (e.g., functional issues such as speech for facial paralysis patients). In a future study, we will field-test FACE-Q KIDS to collect data to perform item reduction and to test its psychometric properties (e.g., reliability, validity and responsiveness).

Klassen completed a doctorate in Health Services Research at the University of Oxford in 1997. She subsequently received a Killam postdoctoral fellowship, followed by consecutive awards from the Canadian Institute of Health Research (CIHR), i.e., postdoctoral fellowship, new investigator and mid-career. She is currently Professor of Pediatrics and Associate Member of the Department of Health Research Methodology, Evidence and Impact and Scientist in the CanChild Center for Childhood Disability Research. She is internationally known as an applied health services researcher with expertise in developing patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments. She uses state-of-the-art methods based on Rasch Measurement Theory to maximize the clinical meaning and scientific quality of the PRO instruments produced. To address the lack of available PRO instruments for use in pediatric and adult plastic and reconstructive surgery, she co-developed the following instruments: BREAST-Q, FACE-Q, BODY-Q, SCAR-Q, WOUND-Q, CLEFT-Q and FACE-Q Kids. These measures are being used by governments, organizations, industry, academia, and clinicians, helping to transform healthcare delivery and patient outcomes.